But don’t silence him, don’t shut him up, don’t shush him, don’t cover up man’s mouth. Let him use the word, let him resort to it. So that you can understand the reason why he is born to the world.

Gabriel ArestiGizonaren ahoa (Harrizko Herri Hau, 1971)

Alphabets

With just a few signs, the alphabet enables us to express what we think. Each tongue uses the alphabet in a particular way. The Latin alphabet is the most widely known of the alphabetic writing systems. The Basque language alphabet consists of 27 letters.

“Dabillan harriari etzaika goroldiorik lotzen”(Axular, 1646)

Braille

Braille is a tactile reading and writing system developed for blind persons. It was created by a young blind Frenchman named Louis Braille in the mid-nineteenth century. That system was the precedent of the binary code.

“A boulder creates no moss”

(Axular, 1646)Read the biography

Sign language

See video

Braille

Binary code

01000100 01100001 01100010 01101001 01101100 01101100 01100001 01101110 00100000 01101000 01100001 01110010 01110010 01101001 01100001 01110010 01101001 00100000 01100101 01110100 01111010 01100001 01101001 01101011 01100001 00100000 01100111 01101111 01110010 01101111 01101100 01100100 01101001 01101111 01110010 01101001 01101011 00100000 01101100 01101111 01110100 01111010 01100101 01101110 00001101 00001010

sms

dbln hrriri etzk grldiork ltzn

This phrase has been extracted from the book “Gero” written in 1643 by Pedro Agerre “Axular”. “Gero” is considered one of the great classics of Basque literature.

Linguae Vasconum Primitiae

Printing of the first book in basque. 1545. Author: Bernat Etxepare.

Bernat Etxepare was born and lived near the village of Garazi. He was born around 1480 and died in 1545. He was rector of Eiheralar and parish priest of Donibane-Garazi. His literary work, Linguae vasconum Primitiae, is composed of a collection of poems. Most of them are religious topics, but you can also find passionate love songs, glorifying sex, and poems about his time in prison. Etxepare was very clear about the importance of the work he was doing. Moreover, the last two verses of his book show the pride of being the first book published in Basque language. Today they are sung frequently.

Komunikazioa Inkomunikazioa

Hizkuntzak sortzeko gaitasuna da gizakiaren funtsezko ezaugarria. Lengoaiak egiten gaitu pertsona. Hizkuntzak, eta bere hizkera guztiak, gizakion adierazpide dira. Badena, izan zena, izango dena eta izan litekeena adierazteko balio dute. Baita izan ez litekeena ere. Garrasitik kanturako tartean, etengabe urratu zituen Mikel Laboak komunikazioaren eta inkomunikazioaren arteko mugak.

Biografia ikusi

Binary system

Any type of document can be stored and disseminated using only the two-binary digits 0 and 1 of the binary code. The same code is used to produce texts, figures and sounds. This system forms the basis of the language used in computer programming. Nowadays all communications, relationships and exchanges use binary codes. Those languages that do not use binary codes will face up to serious survival problems.

01000100 01100001 01100010 01101001 01101100 01101100 01100001 01101110 00100000 01101000 01100001 01110010 01110010 01101001 01100001 01110010 01101001 00100000 01100101 01110100 01111010 01100001 01101001 01101011 01100001 00100000 01100111 01101111 01110010 01101111 01101100 01100100 01101001 01101111 01110010 01101001 01101011 00100000 01101100 01101111 01110100 01111010 01100101 01101110 00001101 00001010

The language of gestures

People also communicate by gestures. Sentences are formed (*** messages can be formed) by combining gestures equivalent to sounds and words. There are many languages of gestures. They are an important part of the linguistic (communicative***) diversity. They are used for communication among deaf-mute persons.

Mikel Laboa

Born in Pasaia (Gipuzkoa) in 1934, combined his profession as children psychiatrist with music. He was one of the most important singer-songwriters in Basque language in the 20th century. Recovery of folksongs, literary inspiration (which induced him to adapt poems originally written by Bernardo Atxaga, Xabier Lete, Joseba Sarrionandia or Gabriel Aresti) as well as the creation of experimental compositions (such as “Baga Biga Higa” or the series of musical pieces entitled “Lekeitio”) were hallmarks of his works. He died in 2008.

Bernart Etxepare

Bernat Etxepare was born and lived near the village of Garazi. He was born around 1480 and died in 1545. He was rector of Eiheralar and parish priest of Donibane-Garazi.

His literary work, Linguae vasconum Primitiae, is composed of a collection of poems. Most of them are religious topics, but you can also find passionate love songs, glorifying sex, and poems about his time in prison.

Etxepare was very clear about the importance of the work he was doing. Moreover, the last two verses of his book show the pride of being the first book published in Basque language. Today they are sung frequently.

Pedro Agerre, "Axular"

Born in Urdax (Navarre) in 1556, he took the name of the house that was his birthplace (Axular). Initially educated in the monastery of San Salvador in that village, he completed his studies at the University of Salamanca where he graduated as Bachelor in Theology.

Ordained a priest at the age of thirty, he settled in 1600 in Sara (Lapurdi), where he stayed until his death in 1644. A year earlier he had published “Gvero”, the work that would make him a key author in the history of literature in the Basque language for the beauty and quality of its prose.